In India a girl child whether pre-birth or post birth, has always faced discrimination. Government of India has introduced Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojana (BBBP) which means save girl child and educate girl child. This scheme was started on 22nd January 2015 with the sole objective of empowering a girl child. This Yojana is basically structured and put into action for the protection of a girl child, as the ratio of a girl child in India in comparison to a boy child was deteriorating, it was 945 per 1000 boys in 1991 to 918 in 2011 which is rather worrisome. According to the statistics by UNICEF, in 2012 amid 195 countries India was ranked no. 41 in this respect.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi Believes our Mantra should be Son and Daughter are equal. This scheme was first started in the 100 districts with less girl child sex ratio. The main objective of this Yojana is to target and change the mind sets, by educating people across the country about seriousness of this issue. This scheme will mainly focus on the area with low child sex ratio. Olympic gold medalist, Sakshi Malik of Hariyana was made brand ambassador for Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojana in August 2016.
The campaign highlights the factor, to make people of the nation aware of the present situation of a girl child prevailing in India. Also their education status will help in empowering the girl child, if they continue studying it will strengthen them and help them by making them resilient while they tackle the difficulties of life in future. It will also help the people to acknowledge that the girl child is bright and can also shoulder responsibility of their family and also spread the wisdom of knowledge to their children in future.
A collective and dynamic resolve is required to discontinue female feticide and shut down the institutions and centers that identify the gender of fetus in the mother’s womb. It requires highly coordinative and constructive efforts to ensure to provide safe survival, highly protected environment to empower a girl child so that she can have a bright future, is the aim of BBBP scheme. This might help in constructing a well-educated and strong nation of future.
The village that achieves the balance sex ratio will be awarded by Rupees 1 Crore. BBBP Yojana. This is a mixed initiative by Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Human Resource and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Special Guidelines have been formed by Ministry of Women & Child Development for execution of the BBBP, for easy and effective implementation of this Yojana. This Yojana was launched on January 22nd 2015 at Panipat, Haryana.
• Ensure Survival and Protection of the girl child.
• Prevention of gender based biased sex elimination.
• Ensure education of a girl child.
This Yojana sturdily focuses on saving girl child and inspiring their parents to provide the girl child with proper education. Also it helps in promoting gender equality, girl child protection and providing medical aid to the girl child.
Saving scheme called Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana has also been introduced under Beeti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojana. This is an exclusive account for a girl child where parents or guardians of a girl saves money for their daughter that in future, can be used for her education and marriage.
• Creating equal value for a girl child and promote education for her using communication through campaigning.
• Placing the issue of declining in CSR in public disclosure, its improvement will be a pointer for a good governance.
• Focus on the Districts and Cities that are acute or low on CSR and then take rigorous and integrated action.
• Assemble and train grassroot, panchayat raj and urban local bodies as facilitators for social change in partnership with the women, local community groups and youths.
Pan India Expansion of BBBP Yojana
On March 8th 2018 Pan India Expansion on BBBP Yojana was held out covering all 640 district.
Criteria for Selection in Project Implementation
• From 23 States and UT’s 87 districts that has CSR below the National average i.e. 918 have been selected under this Yojana
• 8 Districts from 8 states have been selected whose CSR is above National average but the ratio is declining.
• 5 Districts from 5 states have been identified whose CSR is above National average and is improving so that the other parts of the country can learn from them.
Budget and Fund Flow
Rs. 100 Crore has been allocated for the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojana during the Budget announcement and Rs. 100 Crore for the mobilization of Plan Outlay of the Care and Protection of Girl Child- a Multi Sectorial Action Plan Scheme for the 12th Plan. Thus the cost estimated for this Scheme is around Rs 200 Crore. The Mistry of Women and Child Development will be responsible for the budgetary control and governing the Scheme at central level. After approval of Action Plan of the respective government, the MWCD will transfer the associated fund to the state government
The Monitoring system will be placed covering the National, state, district, block and village level, to track the progress, targets and its outcomes. At National Level Ministries of Women and Child Development will monitor the progress. State level, State Task Force will be headed by Chief Secretary. In District Level, the District Collectors will coordinate and lead actions of all departments through District-Level Officials. They will be reviewing the progress monthly on the activities that are listed in the department plans of actions.
At the end of the 12th Five Year Plan this Scheme will be evaluated to access its impact and take counteractive measures. Few of the assessment tools are, mapping of ultrasonography machines, baseline surveys of concurrent assessment of percentage in age of birth of girl and a boy child, complaints under PC and PNDT act will also help in assessing the effect or outcome of the Scheme.